Sahibzada Fateh Singh (25 February 1699 – 12 December 1705) was the fourth and youngest son of Guru Gobind Singh. He and his older brother, Sahibzada Zorawar Singh are among the most hallowed martyrs in Sikhism. He is also known as Baba Fateh Singh. The term Baba is used in India for an elder who is respected for his wisdom.
Mata Gujri with Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh.
Sahibzada Fateh Singh was born in Anandpur Sahib on 25 February 1699, the third son of Mata Jito, Gobind Singh’s first wife. His mother died when he was one year old, and he and his brother Zorawar were cared for by their grandmother, Mata Gujari, until their martyrdom.
In May 1705 a combination of Mughals and hillmen besieged Anandpur Sahib on the orders of emperor Aurangzeb. For several months the Sikhs withstood the attacks and blockade, but eventually the stock of food in the town ran out. The Mughals offered the Sikhs safe exit if they left Anandpur. Guru Gobind Singh agreed and evacuated the town with his family and a small band of retainers. Mata Gujari and the two Sahibzadas were brought by the family’s servant Gangu to his native village of Sahedi. Bribed by the Mughals, he turned over the three members of Guru Gobind Singh’s family to the faujdar of Sirhind. They were then brought to the Nawab Wazir Khan in Sirhind. The two sons of Guru Gobind Singh, Zorawar (9 years old) and Fateh (6 years old) were offered safe passage if they became Muslims. With a courage that belied their years, both boys refused to do so. Wazir Khan sentenced them to death. They were bricked up alive within a wall. Gurudwara Bhora Sahib marks the site of the wall in Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib.
After Guru Gobind Singh’s death, Banda Singh Bahadur, born Lachman Dev, also known as Madho Das and Banda Bairagi, took revenge on those who had taken part in the deaths of the children. After laying waste, the cities of Samana and Sandhaura, he moved towards Sirhind and after defeating the Mughal forces, beheaded Wazir Khan.